April 2018
A 30-year-old mother, Ayo Sheriff, has been arrested by the police for allegedly burning her daughter(16years) right limbs with an electric iron over a little misunderstanding.
The incident reportedly happened on Tuesday, April 24.
We gathered that the victim, Aishat Sheriff, a secondary school student, and also a part-time auxiliary nurse, was given a little of N500 by her boss with an instruction to give N200 to someone on her way home, use N50 as transport fare and return the balance of N250 the next day.
Unfortunately, on the day she was to return the money to her boss, the victim reportedly defaulted, claiming that the balance was with her mother.
This made the boss to call her mother on the phone, but the mother denied knowing about the money, we further gathered.
When the victim returned home from work, her mother, who was already waiting for her, plugged an electric iron and waited until it was hot before burning her daughter, while claiming that the girl was a disgrace to the family.
The state Police Public Relations Officer (PPRO), SP Chike Oti, said the case of child abuse was reported to the police by the Chosen Child Orphanage Home, located at Gastya Estate, Ijora-Badia.
The PPRO stated further the Commissioner of Police, Mr Imohim Edgal, was miffed at the sight of the wounds put on a child by her mother.
He, therefore, called on parents to correct their children with love, saying that the rate at which cases of domestic violence were growing had become a source of concern to the command.
The Gender Section of the command, headed by SP Adejoke Cole, had concluded an investigation into the case, and would charge the suspect to the Ikeja Magistrates’ court today (Monday), SP Oti added.
Meanwhile, the victim and her siblings are being sheltered at the orphanage.
Icon academy present to you their second online seminar,a lot has benefited from the last seminar called EXCELLENCE MIND SHIFT
Icon academy is a group organized by the 300lv computer science of Ekiti state university.
Another seminar  was organized online on the 24th April 2018,our guest speaker was Mr Peter Olayinka
Mr peter olayinka is a web developer, founder of quizboot.com, a computer Science graduate of Ekiti State University, he presently works as a software developer at Tuteria, he is the 2016/17 president of Computer Science EKSU
He says and I quote "Before we get down to business, i will like to highlight that,I am not at the peak of my career yet, but trust me am getting there,and what i will be sharing with us, just as the topic implies is the pathway i am on to a successful career

My dictionary tells me that career is an occupation undertaken for a significant period of a person's life and with opportunities for progress. This definition refers to what a person does to earn a living.
According to Merriam-Webster’s definition of “success,” anyone who’s rich, respected, or famous is successful.
With this dictionary definition, would you say that a success career is when you are rich or respected in what you do?
Some of us would say yes and some would answer no,I would like to tell you the answer is something personal,So ask yourself...what do you want as a career success?Is it wealth? Fame? Respect?Or to impact others with what you do?
Personally my goal for a successful career is to impact people and affect others with what i do,if i have this i am satisfied,So i would share with us  7 path to a successful career

1. Define what makes a successful career to you:
Sit down and think what do you want to achieve with your life?If you can get this straight,You now have a mission for yourself,You can't work on something you don't know

2) increase your value:
Increase you value to your employer, network, clients, yourself and environment,Not everybody in your class you go to for a solution to a class assignment,you have specific people you know once you get to them the assignment will be sorted
Right?Why do you go to that person?
Because he has set some value for himself,Let imagine you are a fashion designer and you sew only woman's cloth,By the time you level up and start sewing men's cloth you get job from me?

3) stay positive:
Always be optimistic of the future,Believe!!! you will make it out of whatever condition you find yourself and hope for the best

4) wear a positive habit and attitude as much as you can:
Naturally people like to move closer to a person with a good attitude and habit,Imagine your senior colleague asked you for help and you showed off with some negative attitude,do you think he will come to you again
By that you are loosing opportunity. If he had something you could handle (like a job offer, contract etc).Do you think he would ever refer you?
Not that he hold grudges with you, just that he won't trust you to behave well with such opportunity

5) set goals and break them:
Having done point (1) write down goals toward your main objective (career) then work towards it in chunks before you know it you have accomplished more than half of the whole goal

6) be persistent:
everything in life it takes time,That is just how life is, so look beyond what you are currently facing and keep on trying,fail and try again,the more you try the more you stretch and we will all agree that nothing that stretches comes back to it original shape because in that process you will learn new things
7) focus on your connect:
That is your network,having a network of people that has the same orientation with you,people of like minds,grow a connect of relevant people.

At every point of your career, always ask yourself, if you are happy with your current career,because you can't be successful with what you are not happy with,the fact that you are not happy voids the success of such career
At any point, if you detect your career isn't going as plan (sit down and re-strategize)

1) learn as much as you can
2) don't be scared to try
3) and always keep trying
Every little opportunity you have to learn a thing or the other. Use it well,i would use myself as an example,Some years back i was learning to program in php, (just doing it for fun) then a year or 2 after i got connected with some set of guys(senior colleague). And they hooked me into their team of developers,If i didn't make use of the opportunity i heard when i was chanced i wouldn't get into their clique,And also sometime in 2016 I started learning python. While learning i thought to myself i can build a product out of this. After a while (quizboot.com) came my way,That isn't all.

You remember i was talking of network. Then at i particular conference i showed someone quizboot. And he loved it and the next thing he said to me is i should resume work in tuteria on Tuesday (that day was saturday),If i had stopped working on quizboot when it seem tough then. I wouldn't be here... All because i kept trying and am not scared to fail
Esther 300lv student of computer science(edu) asked that;if someone has a career and his or her parents said they're not interested in that ,that if he or shedo it they might disown him or her. what do you expect that person should do
Mr peter olayinka;you have to realize they are not the one to live your life,after a while they ll leave you to this world,and again you won't want to disrespect them,you can try negotiate with them,and if they seem not to yield to your tone but you must determine if you are willing to sacrifice your happiness for theirs,if you can get an answer to this. I believe you know the next step,If you willing to satisfy them, then do their bid,But if you are willing to be happiness with your self. You could try practise the career without them knowing about it,As long as you Believe in YOURSELF

Are grace and law opposed to one another?  Since we are under grace, do we still have to keep the law?
Grace is God’s unmerited favor which He bestows upon all those who repent and trust in Christ. Grace has been called; God’s riches at Christ’s expense. God gives us what we do not deserve. If grace were merited, then it wouldn’t be grace anymore but salvation by works and no one is saved by works. Paul clearly defined this in Romans 11:6 says “But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace” and “For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast” (Eph 2:8-9).
 IN his Epistle to the Romans, Paul writes "For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of One shall many be made righteous. Moreover, the law entered that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: that as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord."
Moses was the representative of the law. You remember that he led the children of Israel through the wilderness, and brought them to Jordan; but there he left them. He could take them up to the river, which is a type of death and judgment; but Joshua (which means Jesus -- Saviour) led them right through death and judgment -- through the Jordan into the Promised Land. Here we have the difference between Law and Grace; between the Law and the Gospel.
Take another illustration. John the Baptist was the last prophet of the old dispensation -- the last prophet under the law. You remember that before Christ made His appearance at the Jordan, the cry of John, day by day was, "Repent: for the kingdom of God is at hand!" He thundered out the law. He took his hearers down to the Jordan and baptized them. He put them in the place of death; and that was as far as he could take them. But there was One coming after him who could take them into the Promised Land. As Joshua led the people through the Jordan into Canaan, -- so Christ went down into the Jordan of death, through death and judgment, on to resurrection ground.
If you run all through Scripture you will find that the law brings to death. "Sin reigned unto death." A friend was telling me lately that an acquaintance of his, a minister, was once called upon to officiate at a funeral, in the place of a chaplain of one of Her Majesty's prisons, who was absent. He noticed that only one solitary man followed the body of the criminal to the grave. When the grave had been covered, this man told the minister that he was an officer of the law whose duty it was to watch the body of the culprit until it was buried out of sight; that was "the end" of the British law.
And that is what the law of God does to the sinner; it brings him right to death, and leaves him there. I pity deep down in my heart those who are trying to save themselves by the law. It never has; it never will; and it never can -- save the soul. When people say they are going to try and do their best, and so save themselves by the law, I like to take them on their own ground. Have they, ever done their very best? granting that there might be a chance for them if they had, was there ever a time when they could not have done a little better? If a man wants to do his best, let him accept the grace of God; that is the best thing that any man or woman can possibly do.

Since we are under grace, does this mean that we don’t have to worry about the law? Paul answers the question about the law by telling the church at Rome, “Are we to continue in sin that grace may abound? By no means! How can we who died to sin still live in it” (Rom 6:1-2)? Further, he says “What then? Are we to sin because we are not under law but under grace? By no means! Do you not know that if you present yourselves to anyone as obedient slaves, you are slaves of the one whom you obey, either of sin, which leads to death, or of obedience, which leads to righteousness” (Rom 6:15-16)? Just because we are not under the law but under grace doesn’t mean that we are free to break the law. The truth is that we should desire to obey God because we love Him as Jesus said “If you love me, you will keep my commandments” (John 14:15). Love is equated with a desire to live an obedient life. We should want to obey God because we love Him and we are indebted to Him by His freeing us from the eternal death penalty that we all deserved and that the law had brought. When Paul writes about the law, he is not referring to the Mosaic Law which was nailed to the cross by Christ but he was referring to the Ten Commandments which have never been voided. How can we say that God has done away with “You shall not murder, you shall not bear false witness,” or “You shall not commit adultery?”

God's law tells us that He desires holiness to characterize the way we live. Only God's grace can provide such godliness in our lives. God's
law tells us that He wants Christlike love to permeate our attitudes and relationships. Only God's grace can develop such love in us. God's
law tells us that He desires the perfections of the Father to be growing in us. Only God's grace is sufficient to carry out such a process of transformation.

1. Under Law there was a dividing veil (Ex. 26.33) Grace brought a rent veil (Heb. 10:19)
2. Law blots out the sinner (Ex. 32:33) Grace blots out the sinner’s sin (Col. 2:14)
3. The Law curses the sinner (Gal. 3:10) Grace covers the sinner (Rom. 4:7)
4. The Law cries out, “Do and live!” (Deut. 8:1) Grace cries out, “It is done! It is finished!” (John 19:30; John 1:12)
5. The Law cries out, “Every mouth stopped” (Rom 3:19) Grace invites, “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus (Rom. 10:9)
6. The Law showed favor to the good (Prov. 12:2) Grace shows mercy and favor to the ungodly (Eph. 2:1-6)
7. The Law was outwardly graven upon stone (2 Cor. 3:3) Grace is graven inwardly, Christ in you (Col. 1:27; Col. 3:3; 2 Cor. 3:3)
8. The Law says, “He added no more” (Deut. 5:22) Grace assures us, “Hath spoken by his Son” (Heb. 1:2)
9. Law is inexorable in its demand (Josh. 7:25) The Grace of God is inspirational in its blessing (2 Cor. 5:17)
10. The Law brings judgment (Rom. 5:18) Grace brings justification (Rom. 3:24)
11. Law cries out, “Keep the commandments-all of them in minute detail” (James 2:10) Grace assures us we are kept by the power of God (1 Peter 1:5)
12. The Law demands love (Deut 6:5) The Grace of God exhibits love (John 3:16)
13. The Law moves the sinner to sin (Rom. 7:8) The Grace of God removes sin from the sinner (Matt. 1:21)
14. According to the Law, nearness to God is impossible (Ex 20:21) In Grace, nearness to God is guaranteed (Eph. 2:13)
15. The Law demands obedience----or no blessing (Deut. 28:1-9) Grace brings obedience because of the blessing (1 John 4:19)
16. The Law cries out, “Stone the prodigal” (Deut. 21:20-21) Grace cries out, “Put the best robe on the prodigal….kill the fatted calf! Let us feast and be merry!” (Luke 15:20-23)
17. Law brings death (Deut. 21:22-23). Grace gives to us the quietness and assurance of peace (Rom. 5:1).
18. The Law retaliates (Ex. 21:24). The Grace of God redeems (Gal. 3:13).
19. The Law demands sanctification (Lev. 11:44). Grace bestows sanctification (I Cor. 1:30).
20. Because of the Law, three thousand were slain (Ex. 32:28). Because of the Grace of God, three thousand were saved (Acts 2:41).
21. The Law is unsatisfying to the conscience (Heb. 10:1-2). The Grace of God is unfailing in its forgiveness and remedy for sin (Heb. 9:12-14; Heb. 10:10-14).
22. The Law is the voice of consternation (Heb. 12:18-21). The Grace of God is the voice of covenant, blessing, peace and assurance (Heb. 12:22-24).
23. When the Law was given, Moses' face shown, and the people feared (Ex. 34:30). Grace brought by Jesus Christ attracted the people to the face of Jesus (Mark 9:15).
24. The Law was a yoke of burdensome weight (Gal. 5:1). Grace is to be in the yoke with Jesus, which makes the yoke easy and the burden light (Matt. 11:29-30).
25. The Law produced zeal (Rom. 10:1-2), but no salvation (Phil. 3:6; Rom. 10:1-8) Grace imparts zeal, and brings joy unspeakable and full of glory (Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 1:8)
Note this :Grace brings eternal peace to the troubled soul of every child of God, and proclaims
God's salvation in defiance of the accusations of the adversary. "He that heareth My word, and believeth on Him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment (condemnation), but is passed from death unto life."
For further study on law, read the articles in the section:Regular Things that the scripture condemn but still do

Batteries are a collection of one or more cells whose chemical reactions create a flow of electrons in a circuit. All batteries are made up of three basic components: an anode ( ‘-’), a cathode (the ‘+’), and some kind of electrolyte (a substance that chemically reacts with the anode and cathode).
Batteries that must be thrown away after use are known as primary batteries while batteries that can be recharged are called secondary batteries .
 Batteries can be found in cars, motorcycle, generators,computers,solar power backup systems,tractors to name a few.
We bring to you on how to restore a dead or dying batteries;

Laptop batteries are expensive pieces of equipment, so if you have an old laptop that still works fine, who wants to shell out upwards of $90 to replace the battery right!? Luckily, there are a lot of ways, some technical, some interesting and some strange ones, that people have come up with to restore dying batteries on laptops.
1.Determine if this method is right for you. 
This method will work for any type of laptop battery. Re-calibrating the battery fixes issues where the battery meter on your laptop no longer appears accurate. It also does a complete discharge and recharge, which can add extra life to your battery.
2.Remove your NiMH or NiCD battery.
 With the computer turned off, gently remove the battery from the laptop. The battery should come out without having to use much force.
3.Place the battery in a sealed plastic bag. 
Any high-quality sealable bag will work. It’s important to make sure the bag is completely sealed and contains no holes.
4.Put the bagged battery in the freezer for about 12 hours.
 Don’t leave the battery in there much longer than that, as freezing it for too long could cause it to explode.
5.Remove the bag from the freezer.
Take the battery out of the bag and let it warm up to room temperature, drying it occasionally with a towel if it appears damp. Let the battery warm back up to room temperature for up to 30 minutes before continuing.
6.Put the battery back into the laptop. 
If there is a cover that goes over your laptop battery, slide it securely into place as well.
7.Connect the laptop to a power source.
Without turning the computer back on, plug the machine back in to a power source and leave it this way overnight (or for several hours during the day).
8.Drain the battery.
 To drain the battery quickly, it’s best to turn the computer on, unplug it from the power source, and do something system-intensive, such as watching a video with the screen brightness turned up.
9.Charge and drain your battery again.
 Do this step at least twice, but preferably 4-5 times. Once you’ve followed these steps, your formerly-dead battery should now hold a charge for a least a half hour, hopefully more.

Over time, a rechargeable battery will lose its capacity to hold a charge and will no longer work. This happens because of overcharging, allowing it to get too hot or too cold, and for many more reasons. You may think that since it cannot be charged, you should just recycle it and buy a new battery. Instead, follow these four steps to revive your battery with a small dose of high amplitude and low voltage hits.
1.Checking Battery Levels
First, check the equipment that recharges your battery to ensure that it is not the cause of the battery’s issue. If your equipment checks out then you will need to use a multimeter to check the charge of the battery itself. In most cases the reading will show that the voltage is much lower than what it says on the screen. If you have a spare battery of the same make, you can use this as a measure to know how much power the dead one should have after you have revived it.
2.Check Equipment Levels
Test out your welder on the multimeter to make sure the DC power is running and also to check whether the gun is positive or negative. Sometimes welder can have AC with a backwards polarity, so you’ll need to turn the knob on your welder until your multimeter tells you that you are making around thirty volts.
3.Zap Battery
This can be very dangerous procedure because you are going to be using high voltage of current in this step. Make sure you are wearing your safety goggles and insulated gloves before tapping the positive end of your welder to the plus terminal on your dead battery while holding the negative end of the battery's minus terminal. When you use this technique make sure you are not welding onto the battery. Just tap the positive end of the welder to your battery and you should see some sparks if done correctly. What this does is force a huge amount of current into the cell which vaporizes the dendrite like shorting a fuse. You can also use this same technique on other batteries that might have corroded.
4.Test Battery
Now when the battery is replaced back into the application you are using you should see that the battery will be much better than it used to be.
However, using this technique on your battery also will have some consequences. The material you vaporized has now permeated the separator of the material which forms a resistor that can short the plates. The cell also cannot be shorted and will have a poor charge retainer. This technique should mostly be used in cases where you simply cannot buy replacements for the immediate future.

The most common form of a l ead acid battery is used in cars and trucks. Golf carts and electric cars and the like also use lead acid batteries . Essentially, every lead acid battery works the same way. They are also prone to the same type of degradation of the inner battery plates called sulphation . A sulfated battery is the most common malady of a dead battery, but as long as an used lead acid battery is mechanically sound, a sulfated battery can be revived. If you have pile of "dead" lead acid batteries out in your garage and you don't want to buy new ones for your specific project, then this article could be a good discovery that you have found because the de-sulphation methods used here are revolutionary from common methods and effective. Before going to the process of de-sulphation, the bad cells need to be identified first.
1.Identify the bad cells
Charge your batteries beforehand for at least 12 hours. After that, disconnect batteries from chargers and allow them to rest for 10 minutes.
2.Open up all battery caps.
 If you have sealed lead acid batteries , search in the web for guides on how to open their caps.
3.Fill up each compartment to within optimum water levels.
This is crucial because in later parts, sparks will be produced and the air column in the compartments which contain hydrogen and oxygen can explode and blow the acid on your face. The higher the water level, the less the explosive air column, and the less likely for explosion to occur on your occasions. Use torch to aid observing water level meniscus.
4.Measure the terminal voltage of battery (12v). Fully-charged battery must be in 12v range around 11.8v to 13.0v. If you have something lower than 11.8v, there is a very high chance of cell imbalance in which one of the cells (out of 6 cells) has a problem.
5.Measure the voltage of each cell and identify the cells with lower voltages.
 Attach multimeter probe to one of the terminals and immerse another probe into the cell solution. Continue along the cell holes. A good cell must have at least 2v. Remember the bad cells and note that they would have different colors of plate than other cell plates because of heavy thick formation of leadoff sulphate crystals which are non-conductive.

With mobile phones now widely used across almost every age group, people increasingly experience diminishing standby times following prolonged use.

But why does this occur? It's primarily caused by the quality of the phone battery. This is why maintenance of your phone battery is crucial to improve longevity, but it's never too late. In this practical guide, I will highlight the main methods to easily and quickly prolong your battery's lifespan.
1.Wipe and clean your mobile phone
After long term use, the metal surface of the
lithium battery and even the contacts can suffer from oxidation. This may shorten the lifespan and effectiveness of the lithium battery. Carefully and routinely remove any residue/rust that has built up to ensure the battery has a clean contact with the phone. To do this, gently wipe the metal contents of the battery and your mobile phone with a suitable cleaning tool. This also improves recharging efficiency and the battery use duration.
2.Bring a dead battery back to life by freezing
Lithium reactions in batteries work using a charge-discharge process in which positive and negative electric charges collide with each other. Under normal room temperature, the kinetic energy is relatively sizeable, however as the battery is maintaining an active/ready state, electric leakage can frequently occur. However, under low temperature conditions, the lithium coating on the battery's surface, along with the electrolyte micro-structure and the interface will be significantly altered leading to a temporary inactive state that minimizes electric leakage. This extends the phone battery's lifespan allowing it to be recharged across more cycles.
Step 1:
Wrap your ageing phone battery in old newspaper and rewrap it with plastic film 2 times. Alternatively, place the battery inside a tightly sealed plastic bag that prevents it from getting wet.
Step 2:
Place the battery in the ice compartment of your fridge, and take it out after 3 days.
Step 3:
Remove the wrapping and place the battery in cool location away from direct sunlight for 2 days.
Step 4:
Insert the battery into your phone but don't power on your device. Instead, plug the phone into the proper charger and allow the device to charge for 48 hours.
After the device has charged for 48-hours, turn the device on and check the battery power level. If successful, this method will have revived your previously dead battery allowing it to hold a charge again.
3.Try jump starting the battery
This method is generally effective for mobile phone batteries that have either reached their lifespan limit or have been left discharged for a long period of time; they eventually lose their ability to hold a charge. In fact, this can also occur to a phone battery during long distance shipping, due to the travel time from one country to another. But now you can learn how to resolve the issue yourself.
Before doing this, you will need the following:
• 9V battery, for its easy-to-access terminals
• A length of split wire to connect to the battery
• Electrical tape to secure the wire
• The battery itself
Step 1:
The positive and negative terminals on the 9V battery will be clearly marked. Identify them and connect the corresponding side of your wire to each terminal, being sure to cover the connection with electrical tape for safety.
Step 2:
On your cell phone battery, the positive and negative terminals will also be marked. Connect the wire to these as well, remembering again to secure with electrical tape. Warning: Don't connect a positive side to a negative side.
Step 3:
Leave the batteries connected for between 10 to 60 seconds, or just long enough for your cell phone battery to get warm. Monitor the temperature and time closely.
Step 4:
As soon as the battery becomes warm, disconnect the batteries immediately. DO NOT try to fully charge your cell phone battery this way. Place the battery into your phone. You may need to charge the battery the rest of the way as normal, then try to power on the phone.
4.A small bulb may help
Fully discharge the ageing battery and recharge it to activate it. By doing this kind of deep discharging, the aim is to prime the battery for deeper recharging by fully draining out internal energy first.
You will need 2 pieces of wires here and connect it to the positive and negative pole of your phone battery.
Following this, connect your phone to a 1.5V small bulb.
Any residual power contained in the battery will be transferred to the bulb until it has been fully exhausted.
Note: the bulb light will gradually grow dimmer until there is no light emitted. This method is not the most effective, but it works to some extent.

Actually, the best method is daily care
You should adhere to the standard charging procedures and times as close as possible, it’s better to do this during the initial 3 times, and ideally from the first time. When it shows the low battery warning, try your best to charge it immediately.
Finally, avoid charging your phone overnight, even if it's a habit, due to the impact that unstable charging voltage can have on your phone's battery.

The immune system, which is made up of special cells, proteins, tissues, and organs, defends people against germs and microorganisms every day. In most cases, the immune system does a great job of keeping people healthy and preventing infections. But sometimes problems with the immune system can lead to illness and infection

  • Immune system are the organs and processes of the body that provide resistance to infection and toxins. Organs include the thymus, bone marrow,  and lymph nodes.

The immune system is the body's defense against infectious organisms and other invaders. Through a series of steps called the immune response, the immune system attacks organisms and substances that invade body systems and cause disease. One of the important cells involved are white blood cells, also called leukocytes, which come in two basic types that combine to seek out and destroy disease-causing organisms or substances.
Before learning exactly how to boost your immune system, first understand that most immune disorders result from either an excessive immune response or an autoimmune attack. Disorders of the immune system include:

Allergies and Asthma
Allergies are a immune-mediated inflammatory response to normally harmless environmental substances known as allergens, which results in one or more allergic diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis and food allergies. When the body overreacts to an allergen, such as dust, mold or pollen, it causes an immune reaction that leads to the development of allergy symptoms .

Diabetes, type 1
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that adversely affects the body's ability to manufacture and use insulin, a hormone necessary for the conversion of food into energy. The disease greatly increases the risk of blindness, heart disease, kidney failure, neurological disease, and other conditions for the approximately 16 million Americans who are affected by it. Type 1, or juvenile onset diabetes, is the more severe form of the illness.
Type 1 diabetes is what is known as a 'complex trait', which means that mutations in several genes likely contribute to the disease. For example, it is now known that the insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM1) locus on chromosome 6 may harbor at least one susceptibility gene for Type 1 diabetes. Exactly how a mutation at this locus adds to patient risk is not clear, although a gene maps to the region of chromosome 6 that also has genes for antigens (the molecules that normally tell the immune system not to attack itself). In Type 1 diabetes, the body's immune system mounts an immunological assault on its own insulin and the pancreatic cells that manufacture it. However, the mechanism of how this happens is not yet understood.

Immune Deficiency Diseases
An immune deficiency disease is when the immune system is missing one or more of its parts, and it reacts too slowly to a threat. Immune deficiency diseases can be caused by medications or illness, or it may be a genetic disorder, which is called primary immunodeficiency.
Some immune deficiency diseases include severe combined immune deficiency, common variable immune deficiency, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficient syndrome (HIV/AIDS), drug-induced immune deficiency and graft versus host syndrome. All of these conditions are due to a severe impairment of the immune system, which leads to infections that are sometimes life-threatening.
On the whole, your immune system does a remarkable job of defending you against disease-causing microorganisms. But sometimes it fails: A germ invades successfully and makes you sick. Is it possible to intervene in this process and boost your immune system? What if you improve your diet? Take certain vitamins or herbal preparations? Make other lifestyle changes in the hope of producing a near-perfect immune response?

What can you do to build your immune system
1. Get enough sleep and manage stress. 
Sleep deprivation and stress overload increase the hormone cortisol, prolonged elevation of which suppresses immune function.

2.Eat more citrus
Vitamin C, found in high concentrations in oranges, lemons, limes, and grapefruit, boosts the activity of phagocytes (cells that engulf and digest bacteria) in the blood (and, vitamin C is found in these foods that aren't oranges , as well!). The body can’t store vitamin C, so you need to consume some every day to boost your immune system.
  • Vitamin C is one of the biggest immune system boosters of all. In fact, a lack of vitamin C can even make you more prone to getting sick. Foods rich in vitamin C include oranges, grapefruits, tangerines, strawberries, bell peppers, spinach, kale and broccoli. Daily intake of vitamin C is essential for good health because your body doesn’t produce or store it. The good news is that vitamin C is in so many foods that most people don’t need to take a vitamin C supplement unless a doctor advises it.
3.Exercise regularly
Working out does more than keep your waist trim. “As boring as it sounds, exercising regularly and eating healthy are the most significant factors for your immune system,“It’s been proven that people who live more sedentary lifestyles are far more likely to get colds or other infectious diseases.” Recruit a workout buddy or try a new group fitness class next time you’re paranoid about catching the bug that’s going arouhistory

Ayurvedic medicine has relied on ginger’s ability for how to boost your immune system before recorded history. It’s believed that ginger helps to break down the accumulation of toxins in our organs due to its warming effects. It’s also known to cleanse the
lymphatic system, our network of tissues and organs that help rid the body of toxins, waste and other unwanted materials.
Ginger root and ginger essential oil can treat a wide range of diseases with its immunonutrition and anti-inflammatory responses. Research shows that ginger has antimicrobial potential, which helps in treating infectious diseases. It’s also known for its ability to treat inflammatory disorders that are caused by infectious agents such as viruses, bacteria and parasites, as well as physical and chemical agents like heat, acid and cigarette smoke.

5.Resist infection with veggies
Garlic and onions in soup, stews, and other dishes are both sources of potent antiviral substances that can boost your resistance to infection. Plenty of other vegetables can add to your infection-fighting armory, including carrots and sweet potatoes. They are rich in beta carotene, which has an anti-inflammatory action and raises the rate at which white blood cells are produced. Other powerful allies include chile peppers, which thin nasal mucus; shiitake mushrooms, which aid white blood cell production; and ginger, which counteracts inflammation (ginger also has these other surprising health benefits as well).

6.Be skeptical
Many products on store shelves claim to boost or support immunity. But the concept of boosting immunity actually makes little sense scientifically. In fact, boosting the number of cells in your body — immune cells or others — is not necessarily a good thing. For example, athletes who engage in "blood doping" — pumping blood into their systems to boost their number of blood cells and enhance their performance — run the risk of strokes.
Attempting to boost the cells of your immune system is especially complicated because there are so many different kinds of cells in the immune system that respond to so many different microbes in so many ways. Which cells should you boost, and to what number? So far, scientists do not know the answer. What is known is that the body is continually generating immune cells. Certainly it produces many more lymphocytes than it can possibly use. The extra cells remove themselves through a natural process of cell death called apoptosis — some before they see any action, some after the battle is won. No one knows how many cells or what the best mix of cells the immune system needs to function at its optimum level.

7.Catch some rays. 
Sunlight triggers the skin’s production of vitamin D. In the summer, a 10-15 minute exposure (minus sunscreen) is enough. However, above 42 degrees latitude (Boston) from November through February, sunlight is too feeble and few foods contain this vitamin. Low vitamin D levels correlate with a greater risk of respiratory infection. A 2010 study in kids showed that 1200 IU a day of supplemental vitamin D reduced the risk of influenza A. However, a 2012 study that involved supplementing adults with colon cancer with 1000 IU a day failed to demonstrate protection against upper respiratory infections.(Click here to read on how vitamin D protect against heart failure)

8.Herbs and other supplements
Walk into a store, and you will find bottles of pills and herbal preparations that claim to "support immunity" or otherwise boost the health of your immune system. Although some preparations have been found to alter some components of immune function, thus far there is no evidence that they actually bolster immunity to the point where you are better protected against infection and disease. Demonstrating whether an herb — or any substance, for that matter — can enhance immunity is, as yet, a highly complicated matter. Scientists don't know, for example, whether an herb that seems to raise the levels of antibodies in the blood is actually doing anything beneficial for overall immunity.

9.Wash your hands with soap and water
“Washing your hands is an extraordinarily good way of helping one from getting sick, but it’s something that we don’t always do very well,The FDA recently announced that washing your hands with plain soap and water is really all you need, and an antibacterial soap isn’t quite necessary or good for us in the long run. So find a soap that you love and remember these hand-washing techniques .

10.Have a giggle
Laughter can boost your immune system along with your mood. It raises levels of antibodies in the blood and those of the white blood cells that attack and kill bacteria and viruses. It also increases the number of antibodies in the mucus made in the nose and respiratory passages, the entry points for many germs

11.Stay away from sugar
Just 10 teaspoons of sugar—the amount in two 12-ounce cans of soda or carbonated lemonade—impairs the ability of white blood cells to deactivate or kill bacteria. Opt instead for a natural sweetener, such as one made from the stevia plant to boost the immune system. Try to limit calorie-free alternatives such as aspartame.

12.Avoid too much stress
Modern medicine, which once treated the connection between emotions and physical health with skepticism, has come to appreciate the closely linked relationship of mind and body. A wide variety of maladies, including stomach upset, hives, and even heart disease, are linked to the effects of emotional stress. Despite the challenges, scientists are actively studying the relationship between stress and immune function .
For one thing, stress is difficult to define. What may appear to be a stressful situation for one person is not for another. When people are exposed to situations they regard as stressful, it is difficult for them to measure how much stress they feel, and difficult for the scientist to know if a person's subjective impression of the amount of stress is accurate. The scientist can only measure things that may reflect stress, such as the number of times the heart beats each minute, but such measures also may reflect other factors.
Most scientists studying the relationship of stress and immune function, however, do not study a sudden, short-lived stressor; rather, they try to study more constant and frequent stressors known as chronic stress, such as that caused by relationships with family, friends, and co-workers, or sustained challenges to perform well at one's work. Some scientists are investigating whether ongoing stress takes a toll on the immune system.
But it is hard to perform what scientists call "controlled experiments" in human beings. In a controlled experiment, the scientist can change one and only one factor, such as the amount of a particular chemical, and then measure the effect of that change on some other measurable phenomenon, such as the amount of antibodies produced by a particular type of immune system cell when it is exposed to the chemical. In a living animal, and especially in a human being, that kind of control is just not possible, since there are so many other things happening to the animal or person at the time that measurements are being taken.
Despite these inevitable difficulties in measuring the relationship of stress to immunity, scientists are making pprogress

13.Adopt healthy-living strategies
Your first line of defense is to choose a healthy lifestyle . Following general good-health guidelines is the single best step you can take toward naturally keeping your immune system strong and healthy. Every part of your body, including your immune system, functions better when protected from environmental assaults and bolstered by healthy-living strategies such as these:
  • Don't smoke.
  • Eat a diet high in fruits and vegetables.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • If you drink alcohol, drink only in moderation.
  • Get adequate sleep.
  • Take steps to avoid infection, such as washing your hands frequently and cooking meats thoroughly.
  • Try to minimize stress.
In the quest for how to boost your immune system, proceed with some caution. If you are using these immune-boosting herbs and essential oils, remember that the products are extremely potent and should not be taken for more than two weeks at a time. Giving yourself a break in between long doses is important.
Also, if you are pregnant, be cautious when using essential oils and reach out to your health care provider before doing so. Any time you are using natural remedies like plant supplements, it’s a good idea to do it under the care of your doctor or nutritionist.

Final Thoughts
  • The immune system is an interactive network of organs, cells and proteins that protect the body from viruses and bacteria or any foreign substances.
  • When our immune system is working properly, we don’t even notice it. It’s when the performance of our immune system is compromised that we face illness.
  • Plants, herbs and minerals can be used to prevent and fight infections due to their antimicrobial and immune-boosting properties.